The eternal debate

Since Peter the Great dragged Russia to the west, the debate in Russia has been over whether or not this was a good thing. By the mid-1800s, Ivan Vasilevich Kireevsky had formulated a strand of Slavophilism that would weave its way through nationalist arguments down to today:
In this ultimate triumph of formal reason over faith and tradition the perceptive mind will already detect in embryonic form the whole of Europe's present fate, which is the consequence of an ill-conceived principle...

The whole of the West's social and personal life is based upon the concept of individual and private independence, which presupposes the notion of the individual as a separate entity.

So don't be too shocked when you hear things like this:
In Russian culture, Dugin says, a "collective anthropology" has predominated, meaning that the individual can only fully realize his or her potential when functioning as part of the entire society. The Russian conception of human rights does not include "the right to sin," meaning that society, especially in the form of the Russian Orthodox Church and the central state, has an obligation to protect itself as a means of protecting the rights of its citizens.

Dugin says the Russian cultural tradition on rights and values has more in common with the Islamic tradition than with Western liberalism. "In the Islamic and Orthodox traditions, almost everything corresponds," he says. "We both reject specific aspects of secular, Western, European, individualistic conception of human rights."